U.S. Bankruptcy Courts VI

United States Courts

All bankruptcy cases are handled in federal courts under rules outlined in the U.S. Bankruptcy Code.

There are different types of bankruptcies, which are usually referred to by their chapter in the U.S. Bankruptcy Code.

Individuals may file Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 bankruptcy, depending on the specifics of their situation.
Municipalities—cities, towns, villages, taxing districts, municipal utilities, and school districts may file under Chapter 9 to reorganize.
Businesses may file bankruptcy under Chapter 7 to liquidate or Chapter 11 to reorganize.
Chapter 12 provides debt relief to family farmers and fishermen.
Bankruptcy filings that involve parties from more than one country are filed under Chapter 15.


Puerto Rico - ECF

Rhode Island - ECF

South Carolina - ECF
South Dakota - ECF

Tennessee Eastern - ECF
Tennessee Middle - ECF
Tennessee Western - ECF

Texas Eastern - ECF
Texas Northern - ECF
Texas Southern - ECF
Texas Western - ECF

Utah - ECF

Vermont - ECF


Virgin Islands - ECF
Virginia Eastern - ECF
Virginia Western - ECF

Washington Eastern - ECF
Washington Western - ECF

West Virginia Northern - ECF
West Virginia Southern - ECF

Wisconsin Eastern - ECF
Wisconsin Western - ECF

Wyoming - ECF

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USCIS to Continue Implementing New Policy Memorandum on Notices to Appear

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) is continuing to implement the June 28, 2018, Policy Memorandum (PM), Updated Guidance for the Referral of Cases and Issuance of Notices to Appear (NTAs) in Cases Involving Inadmissible and Deportable Aliens (PDF, 140 KB).

USCIS may issue NTAs as described below based on denials of I-914/I-914A, Application for T Nonimmigrant Status; I-918/I-918A, Petition for U Nonimmigrant Status; I-360, Petition for Amerasian, Widow(er), or Special Immigrant (Violence Against Women Act self-petitions and Special Immigrant Juvenile Status petitions); I-730, Refugee/Asylee Relative Petitions when the beneficiary is present in the US; I-929, Petition for Qualifying Family Member of a U-1 Nonimmigrant; and I-485 Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status (with the underlying form types listed above).

If applicants, beneficiaries, or self-petitioners who are denied are no longer in a period of authorized stay and do not depart the United States, USCIS may issue an NTA. USCIS will continue to send denial letters for these applications and petitions to ensure adequate notice regarding period of authorized stay, checking travel compliance, or validating departure from the United States.